What is Spinal Fusion?
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Spinal Fusion

Spinal Fusion is one of the lower back pain treatments. This page explains the contents, features and procedure of the treatment.

What is Spinal Fusion?

Spinal Fusion is the surgery to stabilize a part of the problem spine by fixing. The method is divided into two ways - "Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion" and "Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion" as follows.

Posterolateral lumbar Fusion (PLF)

"Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion" is performed under general anesthesia. A small vertical incision is informed on the middle of the lower back. The bone and ligament are removed to release the pressure on the nerve. The screws are inserted from the rear of the lumbar spine to fix the separated vertebra so that it is returned to the original position. In order to prevent the screw from loosening by passage of time, sometimes an autologous bone and artificial bone are implanted.

Posterior lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)

"Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion" is performed under general anesthesia. A small vertical incision is formed on the lower back. The bone and the ligament are resected to release the pressure on the nerve. The degenerated intervertebral disc is removed from the rear of the lumbar spine, and an autologous bone or artificial bone is fixed as the spacer to fill the gaps between the vertebral bodies which were removed. For stability, there is a case applied a combination of "Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion".

The features of Spinal Fusion

  • ・The most effective treatment for adaptation diseases
  • ・Adaptation to various diseases

The procedure of Spinal Fusion

Description of the procedure of Spinal Fusion

The detail of the schedule

Spinal Fusion or Laminoplasty

Hospitalization is about 1 month

1. Lower back pain outpatient department・booking for medical examination

CT or X-P(X-ray) scan

2.Before surgery

In hospital, Myelography inspection→result explanation
Rest in bed for a few days

3. Operation

One week after surgery, patients begin physical therapy
An X-ray will be taken to confirm if the fusion area is stable

4 Discharge

The patients need outpatient visits within approximately 1 or 2 weeks after discharge

※Hospitalization differs depending on the condition of patients and individual differences.

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Symptoms of Lower Back Pain

  • Herniated Disc
  • Spinal  Canal Stenosis
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Sciatica
  • Numbness of legs
  • Acute/Chronic  back pain


  • Hybrid Laser Surgery
  • Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression(PLDD)
  • Percutaneous Ozon Disc Decompression)(PODD)
  • Microendoscopic Discectomy(MED)
  • Microdiscectomy(MD)
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS)
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Others Medication・ Nerve Block Therapy Rehabilitation Treatment